Stems Stems Stems
Not fruits and veggies
Stems refer to groups of audio tracks that have been consolidated and bounced into a single stereo file. This process allows for easier management and manipulation o
f multiple tracks during the mixing process. Typically, engineers will request a specific number of stems, such as 8-12, rather than receiving every single track in the project.
When requesting stems, it is important to clearly label each stem according to the specific group of audio it contains. This may include categories such as kick, snare, hats, percussion, bass, synths, keys, guitar, effects/sends, and vocals. By labeling the stems clearly, the engineer can work more efficiently, resulting in a faster turnaround time and a better overall mix.
When delivering audio files to a mix or mastering engineer, it is important to ensure that they are in a high-quality format. It is recommended to provide a WAV or AIFF file with a 44.1khz sample rate and 24-bit depth. Dithering should not be appli
ed to the file. If you are unsure about these specifications, it is always best to check with your engineer.
In the mixing process, having multiple stems is crucial to achieving the desired sound of the song. This allows the engineer to have greater control over each element of the mix, resulting in a better overall sound with booming low end, sizzling highs, and a clear vocal.
For mastering engineers, stems are particularly useful when working with genres that push boundaries. With stems, each element of the mix can be processed and balanced individually, while still maintaining the original vision of the song.
To ensure a smooth file delivery process, it is important to communicate clearly with your mix or mastering engineer and ask any questions you may have. This will help to ensure that the final product meets your expectations.